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Google celebrates DNA scientist Rosalind Franklin's 93rd birthday with a tribute doodle

Biophysicist and x-ray crystallographer helped discover the structure of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) but controversially missed out on the Nobel prize.
Born on July 25, 1920 in Notting Hill, London, Rosalind Franklin was the second child and eldest daughter of her parents who belonged to an affluent and influential British Jewish family.
Franklin's scientific work lead to X-ray diffraction images of DNA which resulted in the discovery of the DNA double helix.
DNA plays an important part in cell metabolism and genetics. The discovery of its structure helped Franklin's co-workers understand how genetic information is passed from parents to children. This has today helped medical science make a lot of progress.
Besides this Franklin's studies also helped in the understanding of the molecular structures of RNA, viruses, coal and graphite.
In April 1958, at the age of 37, the biophysicist died of ovarian cancer.
Franlin worked at King's College London under Maurice Wilkins as she conducted her DNA research. Wilkins with his friends Francis Crick and James Watson were awarded the Nobel prize in Chemistry in 1962 for their DNA study. Crick later acknowledged that the trio used Franklin's images and they were "the data we actually used" to formulate the hypothesis regarding the structure of DNA.


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